Age-Related Macular Degeneration

What is Age-Relation Macular Degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a problem with your retina. It happens when a part of the retina called the macula is damaged. With AMD you lose your central vision. You cannot see fine details, whether you are looking at something close or far. But your peripheral (side) vision will still be normal. For instance, imagine you are looking at a clock with hands. With AMD, you might see the clock’s numbers but not the hands.

What are the two types of AMD?

There are two types: Dry AMD and Wet AMD

Dry AMD: This form is quite common. About 80% (8 out of 10) of people who have AMD have the dry form. Dry AMD is when parts of the macula get thinner with age and tiny clumps of protein called drusen grow. You slowly lose central vision. There is no way to treat dry AMD yet.

Wet AMD: This form is less common but much more serious. Wet AMD is when new, abnormal blood vessels grow under the retina. These vessels may leak blood or other fluids, causing scarring of the macula. You lose vision faster with wet AMD than with dry AMD. Many people don’t realize they have AMD until their vision is very blurry. This is why it is important to have regular visits to an ophthalmologist. He or she can look for early signs of AMD before you have any vision problems.

Who is at risk for AMD?

You are more likely to develop AMD if you: If these apply to you, schedule a consultation with us.
  • Eat a diet hihg in saturated fat (found in foods like meat, butter and cheese)
  • Are overweight
  • Smoke cigarettes
  • Are over 50 years old
  • Have a family history of AMD
  • Are Caucasian (white)

Age-Related Macular Degeneration DOCTORS